Poverty

Poverty can take many forms and can affect both individuals and households.  However not every individual/household will experience all forms of poverty, rather individual elements or combinations of differing types of poverty.

The following reports bring together some of the publically available poverty statistics that are available for County Durham.  For areas within the county please select the ‘Reports’ option above.

Related Factsheets:

County Durham Poverty Overview

Base map for reports and dashboards built using the InstantAtlas data store for County_Durham

This report is available for the following features:

County Durham Poverty Overview - County Durham

Base map for reports and dashboards built using the InstantAtlas data store for County_Durham

County Durham
The Index of Multiple Deprivation (IMD) 2019
The Index of Multiple Deprivation (IMD) 2019 is the official measure of relative deprivation for small areas (or neighbourhoods) in England.  The Index of Multiple Deprivation ranks every small area (Lower Super Output Area - LSOA) in England from 1 (most deprived area) to 32,844 (least deprived area).

While IMD is principally used for looking at small areas, the Department for Communities and Local Government   (DCLG) does provide some summary data for larger areas e.g. Local Authorities. 

More information is available in our Deprivation Factsheets or through the following link: https://www.gov.uk/government/statistics/english-indices-of-deprivation-2019
County Durham is ranked
48th
out of  151 upper tier local authorities in England with rank 1 being the most deprived. 
(2019) 

Source: DCLG
Social Mobility Index - (2017) 

The Social Mobility Index (SMI) explores how geographical location can affect social mobility for individuals growing up and choosing to live in different areas.

The index combines a range of indicators into one figure and uses this to provide a ranking between different areas and seeks to answer the question: ‘What are the differences between different local areas in the chances that a child from a disadvantaged socioeconomic background has of doing well as an adult?’.  The local authorities are ranked from 1 to 324.

Source: https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/social-mobility-index-2017-data

County Durham's Social Mobility Ranks (ranked out of 324 where a rank of 1 denotes high mobility and 324 low mobility)
Social Mobility Index - Overall Score - RankSocial Mobility Index - Early Years - RankSocial Mobility Index - Schools - RankSocial Mobility Index - Youth - RankSocial Mobility Index - Adulthood - Rank
County Durham795867197120
Source: Social Mobility Commission on GOV.UK
Child Poverty

There are numerous data, from various sources, available that can be used to measure child poverty.  The following bring together some of these data to provide a partial picture of child poverty in County Durham and how the county compares regionally and nationally.

Source: 
Free School Meals: Department for Education - (Search for schools and colleges to compare)
Children in Low Income Families: HM Revenue and Customs - Children in low-income families local measure
Free School Meals - (2016-2017) 

Local area data: available in the Free School Meal factsheet

The percentage of pupils eligible for free school meals at some point during the last 6 years.

Note: The source data for this indicator is incomplete, with data not available for all schools. The percentage eligible has been calculated using the number of pupils on school rolls only for schools where data on the number of pupils eligible was available.

Free School Eligibility in County Durham
Percentage of pupils who have been eligible for free school meals in the last 6 yearsNumber of pupils who have been eligible for free school meals in the last 6 yearsNumber of pupils on roll (for FSM calculation)
County Durham29.421,03771,453
North East29111,759385,471
England22.81,897,0758,306,296
Source: Department for Education
Children in Low Income Families - (2018-2019) 

Further Information is available in the Children in Poverty factsheet.

These experimental Official Statistics on the number (and proportion) of children living in low income families across Great Britain by local area were first released on the 26th March 2020.

These new statistics complement and should be viewed as a companion release to the Households Below Average Income (HBAI) survey on children in low income households which provides National and Regional estimates but not local area estimates. These local area statistics are calibrated to, and thus match, the 3-year average HBAI survey estimates at Region and Country level for Great Britain.

Low income is defined as a family in low income Before Housing Costs (BHC) in the reference year. A family must have claimed one or more of Universal Credit, Tax Credits or Housing Benefit at any point in the year to be classed as low income in these statistics.

Children in Low Income Families in County Durham

Sources: 
HM Revenues and Customs:
https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/children-in-low-income-families-local-area-statistics-201415-to-201819/children-in-low-income-families-local-area-statistics-201415-to-201819
Department of Business Energy and Industrial Strategy (BEIS) Low Income – High Cost (LIHC) measure:
https://www.gov.uk/government/collections/fuel-poverty-statistics 

Children in Low Income Families in County Durham
County DurhamNorth EastEngland
Percentage of children under 16 living in families with Relative Low Income22.323.718.4
Number of children under 16 living in families with Relative Low Income20,264112,7941,982,948
Percentage of children under 16 living in families with Absolute Low Income18.119.315.3
Number of children under 16 living in families with Absolute Low Income16,47791,8791,644,335
Number of children living in families with Relative Low Income24,281134,9372,414,092
Number of children living in families with Absolute Low Income19,850110,5482,009,784
Source: HM Revenue and Customs
Percentage of children aged under 16 in Relative Poverty - change over time
#color:0xE0400A England 2018-2019: 18.4 #color:0xE0400A England 2017-2018: 18.2 #color:0xE0400A England 2016-2017: 17.1 #color:0xE0400A England 2015-2016: 16.4 #color:0xE0400A England 2014-2015: 15.5 #color:0xFCB441 North East 2018-2019: 23.7 #color:0xFCB441 North East 2017-2018: 22.9 #color:0xFCB441 North East 2016-2017: 21.8 #color:0xFCB441 North East 2015-2016: 18.1 #color:0xFCB441 North East 2014-2015: 17.3 #color:0x418CF0 County Durham 2018-2019: 22.3 #color:0x418CF0 County Durham 2017-2018: 21.6 #color:0x418CF0 County Durham 2016-2017: 20.5 #color:0x418CF0 County Durham 2015-2016: 17.4 #color:0x418CF0 County Durham 2014-2015: 16.5 #color:0xE0400A England 2018-2019: 18.4 #color:0xE0400A England 2017-2018: 18.2 #color:0xE0400A England 2016-2017: 17.1 #color:0xE0400A England 2015-2016: 16.4 #color:0xE0400A England 2014-2015: 15.5 #color:0xFCB441 North East 2018-2019: 23.7 #color:0xFCB441 North East 2017-2018: 22.9 #color:0xFCB441 North East 2016-2017: 21.8 #color:0xFCB441 North East 2015-2016: 18.1 #color:0xFCB441 North East 2014-2015: 17.3 #color:0x418CF0 County Durham 2018-2019: 22.3 #color:0x418CF0 County Durham 2017-2018: 21.6 #color:0x418CF0 County Durham 2016-2017: 20.5 #color:0x418CF0 County Durham 2015-2016: 17.4 #color:0x418CF0 County Durham 2014-2015: 16.5 Chart for County Durham using Percentage of Children U16 living in Families with Relative Low Income
Percentage of children aged under 16 in Absolute Poverty - change over time
#color:0xE0400A England 2018-2019: 15.3 #color:0xE0400A England 2017-2018: 15.1 #color:0xE0400A England 2016-2017: 14.8 #color:0xE0400A England 2015-2016: 15.4 #color:0xE0400A England 2014-2015: 15.6 #color:0xFCB441 North East 2018-2019: 19.3 #color:0xFCB441 North East 2017-2018: 18.2 #color:0xFCB441 North East 2016-2017: 18.7 #color:0xFCB441 North East 2015-2016: 17.5 #color:0xFCB441 North East 2014-2015: 18.8 #color:0x418CF0 County Durham 2018-2019: 18.1 #color:0x418CF0 County Durham 2017-2018: 16.8 #color:0x418CF0 County Durham 2016-2017: 17.7 #color:0x418CF0 County Durham 2015-2016: 16.8 #color:0x418CF0 County Durham 2014-2015: 18.1 #color:0xE0400A England 2018-2019: 15.3 #color:0xE0400A England 2017-2018: 15.1 #color:0xE0400A England 2016-2017: 14.8 #color:0xE0400A England 2015-2016: 15.4 #color:0xE0400A England 2014-2015: 15.6 #color:0xFCB441 North East 2018-2019: 19.3 #color:0xFCB441 North East 2017-2018: 18.2 #color:0xFCB441 North East 2016-2017: 18.7 #color:0xFCB441 North East 2015-2016: 17.5 #color:0xFCB441 North East 2014-2015: 18.8 #color:0x418CF0 County Durham 2018-2019: 18.1 #color:0x418CF0 County Durham 2017-2018: 16.8 #color:0x418CF0 County Durham 2016-2017: 17.7 #color:0x418CF0 County Durham 2015-2016: 16.8 #color:0x418CF0 County Durham 2014-2015: 18.1 Chart for County Durham using Percentage of Children U16 living in Families with Absolute Low Income
Children in out of work benefit claimant households - (2017) 

The number of children living in a household where out of work benefits are being claimed.

These are households where at least one parent or guardian claimed one or more of the following out-of-work benefits: Jobseeker’s Allowance, Income Support, Employment and Support Allowance, Incapacity Benefit/Severe Disablement Allowance, Pension Credit or Universal Credit at 31 May of the relevant year. A claimant may be in receipt of a combination of any of these benefits.

Data for children in out-of-work benefit households are derived by matching DWP benefit data with HMRC Child Benefit data. Children are matched through the Child Benefit claimant (i.e. parent or guardian), a customer of HMRC, where the Child Benefit claimant or the partner of a Child Benefit claimant is also a DWP benefit claimant.

Source: https://www.gov.uk/government/collections/children-in-out-of-work-benefit-households--2
Children in out of work benefit claimant householdsCounty DurhamNorth EastEngland
Percentage of children aged 0-4 23.122.316.4
Number of children aged 0-4 6,38034,290528,100
Percentage of children aged 5-10 17.917.113.4
Number of children aged 5-10 6,35534,160532,680
Percentage of children aged 11-15 16.813.811.4
Number of children aged 11-15 4,48523,820378,170
Percentage of children aged 16-18 11.711.88.3
Number of children aged 16-18 1,96510,890174,000
Percentage of children aged 0-15 19.217.513.7
Number of children aged 0-15 17,25092,2701,438,950
Percentage of children aged 0-18 18.116.712.8
Number of children aged 0-18 19,255103,1601,612,950
Number of households with children aged 0-18 10,51055,180845,320
Source: HM Revenue and Customs
Percentage of children in out of work benefit claimant households - change over time
#color:0x056492 Percentage of children aged 16-18 2017: 11.7 #color:0x056492 Percentage of children aged 16-18 2016: 12.9 #color:0x056492 Percentage of children aged 16-18 2015: 13.8 #color:0x056492 Percentage of children aged 16-18 2014: 14.5 #color:0xE0400A Percentage of children aged 11-15 2017: 16.8 #color:0xE0400A Percentage of children aged 11-15 2016: 17.3 #color:0xE0400A Percentage of children aged 11-15 2015: 18.1 #color:0xE0400A Percentage of children aged 11-15 2014: 18.3 #color:0xFCB441 Percentage of children aged 5-10 2017: 17.9 #color:0xFCB441 Percentage of children aged 5-10 2016: 18.5 #color:0xFCB441 Percentage of children aged 5-10 2015: 19.1 #color:0xFCB441 Percentage of children aged 5-10 2014: 20.6 #color:0x418CF0 Percentage of children aged 0-4 2017: 23.1 #color:0x418CF0 Percentage of children aged 0-4 2016: 24.4 #color:0x418CF0 Percentage of children aged 0-4 2015: 24.6 #color:0x418CF0 Percentage of children aged 0-4 2014: 25.7 #color:0x056492 Percentage of children aged 16-18 2017: 11.7 #color:0x056492 Percentage of children aged 16-18 2016: 12.9 #color:0x056492 Percentage of children aged 16-18 2015: 13.8 #color:0x056492 Percentage of children aged 16-18 2014: 14.5 #color:0xE0400A Percentage of children aged 11-15 2017: 16.8 #color:0xE0400A Percentage of children aged 11-15 2016: 17.3 #color:0xE0400A Percentage of children aged 11-15 2015: 18.1 #color:0xE0400A Percentage of children aged 11-15 2014: 18.3 #color:0xFCB441 Percentage of children aged 5-10 2017: 17.9 #color:0xFCB441 Percentage of children aged 5-10 2016: 18.5 #color:0xFCB441 Percentage of children aged 5-10 2015: 19.1 #color:0xFCB441 Percentage of children aged 5-10 2014: 20.6 #color:0x418CF0 Percentage of children aged 0-4 2017: 23.1 #color:0x418CF0 Percentage of children aged 0-4 2016: 24.4 #color:0x418CF0 Percentage of children aged 0-4 2015: 24.6 #color:0x418CF0 Percentage of children aged 0-4 2014: 25.7 Chart for County Durham using Percentage of children aged 0-4 in OOW benefit HHs
#color:0xE0400A England 2017: 13.7 #color:0xE0400A England 2016: 15 #color:0xE0400A England 2015: 15.9 #color:0xE0400A England 2014: 15.9 #color:0xFCB441 North East 2017: 17.5 #color:0xFCB441 North East 2016: 20.6 #color:0xFCB441 North East 2015: 22 #color:0xFCB441 North East 2014: 22.2 #color:0x418CF0 County Durham 2017: 19.2 #color:0x418CF0 County Durham 2016: 19.9 #color:0x418CF0 County Durham 2015: 20.6 #color:0x418CF0 County Durham 2014: 21.5 #color:0xE0400A England 2017: 13.7 #color:0xE0400A England 2016: 15 #color:0xE0400A England 2015: 15.9 #color:0xE0400A England 2014: 15.9 #color:0xFCB441 North East 2017: 17.5 #color:0xFCB441 North East 2016: 20.6 #color:0xFCB441 North East 2015: 22 #color:0xFCB441 North East 2014: 22.2 #color:0x418CF0 County Durham 2017: 19.2 #color:0x418CF0 County Durham 2016: 19.9 #color:0x418CF0 County Durham 2015: 20.6 #color:0x418CF0 County Durham 2014: 21.5 Chart for County Durham using Percentage of children aged 0-15 in OOW benefit HHs
#color:0xE0400A England 2017: 12.8 #color:0xE0400A England 2016: 14.1 #color:0xE0400A England 2015: 15 #color:0xE0400A England 2014: 15.2 #color:0xFCB441 North East 2017: 16.7 #color:0xFCB441 North East 2016: 19.2 #color:0xFCB441 North East 2015: 20.7 #color:0xFCB441 North East 2014: 21 #color:0x418CF0 County Durham 2017: 18.1 #color:0x418CF0 County Durham 2016: 18.8 #color:0x418CF0 County Durham 2015: 19.4 #color:0x418CF0 County Durham 2014: 20.4 #color:0xE0400A England 2017: 12.8 #color:0xE0400A England 2016: 14.1 #color:0xE0400A England 2015: 15 #color:0xE0400A England 2014: 15.2 #color:0xFCB441 North East 2017: 16.7 #color:0xFCB441 North East 2016: 19.2 #color:0xFCB441 North East 2015: 20.7 #color:0xFCB441 North East 2014: 21 #color:0x418CF0 County Durham 2017: 18.1 #color:0x418CF0 County Durham 2016: 18.8 #color:0x418CF0 County Durham 2015: 19.4 #color:0x418CF0 County Durham 2014: 20.4 Chart for County Durham using Percentage of children aged 0-18 in OOW benefit HHs
Fuel Poverty - (2018) 

Department of Business Energy and Industrial Strategy (BEIS) Low Income – High Cost (LIHC) measure.

A household is considered to be fuel poor if it has higher than typical energy costs to provide an indoor environment that does not adversely affect their health and wellbeing (21c in living room and 18c in the rest of the house), and would as a result be left with a disposable income below the poverty line if it spent the required money to meet those costs.

It captures the fact that fuel poverty is distinct from general poverty: not all poor households are fuel poor, and some households would not normally be considered poor but could be pushed into fuel poverty if they have high energy costs.

Fuel poverty is therefore an overlapping problem of households having a low income and facing high energy costs.

Further information is available in our Fuel Poverty factsheet or from the link below.

Source: https://www.gov.uk/housing-local-and-community/household-energy#research_and_statistics
#color:0xE0400A England 2018: 10.3 #color:0xE0400A England 2017: 10.9 #color:0xE0400A England 2016: 11.1 #color:0xE0400A England 2015: 11 #color:0xE0400A England 2014: 10.6 #color:0xE0400A England 2013: 10.4 #color:0xE0400A England 2012: 10.4 #color:0xFCB441 North East 2018: 9.5 #color:0xFCB441 North East 2017: 11.8 #color:0xFCB441 North East 2016: 13.8 #color:0xFCB441 North East 2015: 13.3 #color:0xFCB441 North East 2014: 12.2 #color:0xFCB441 North East 2013: 11.8 #color:0xFCB441 North East 2012: 11.6 #color:0x418CF0 County Durham 2018: 9.8 #color:0x418CF0 County Durham 2017: 11.8 #color:0x418CF0 County Durham 2016: 14 #color:0x418CF0 County Durham 2015: 13.3 #color:0x418CF0 County Durham 2014: 12.2 #color:0x418CF0 County Durham 2013: 11.5 #color:0x418CF0 County Durham 2012: 11.4 #color:0xE0400A England 2018: 10.3 #color:0xE0400A England 2017: 10.9 #color:0xE0400A England 2016: 11.1 #color:0xE0400A England 2015: 11 #color:0xE0400A England 2014: 10.6 #color:0xE0400A England 2013: 10.4 #color:0xE0400A England 2012: 10.4 #color:0xFCB441 North East 2018: 9.5 #color:0xFCB441 North East 2017: 11.8 #color:0xFCB441 North East 2016: 13.8 #color:0xFCB441 North East 2015: 13.3 #color:0xFCB441 North East 2014: 12.2 #color:0xFCB441 North East 2013: 11.8 #color:0xFCB441 North East 2012: 11.6 #color:0x418CF0 County Durham 2018: 9.8 #color:0x418CF0 County Durham 2017: 11.8 #color:0x418CF0 County Durham 2016: 14 #color:0x418CF0 County Durham 2015: 13.3 #color:0x418CF0 County Durham 2014: 12.2 #color:0x418CF0 County Durham 2013: 11.5 #color:0x418CF0 County Durham 2012: 11.4 Chart for County Durham using Percentage of households in fuel poverty
Fuel Poverty in County Durham
2012201320142015201620172018
County Durham
Percentage of households in fuel poverty 11.411.512.213.31411.89.8
Number of households in fuel poverty 25,07926,05027,61830,24231,90627,30922,919
North East
Percentage of households in fuel poverty 11.611.812.213.313.811.89.5
Number of households in fuel poverty 128,971134,895139,490151,942159,311138,230112,668
England
Percentage of households in fuel poverty 10.410.410.61111.110.910.3
Number of households in fuel poverty 2,282,5792,346,7152,379,3572,502,2172,550,5652,532,1952,400,297
Department of Business Energy and Industrial Strategy (BEIS) Low Income – High Cost (LIHC) measure
Off-grid (households not connected to the gas network) - (2018) 

Department of Business Energy and Industrial Strategy (BEIS) - Households not connected to the gas network.

Estimates of the number of households not connected to the gas network.

Source: https://www.gov.uk/government/statistics/lsoa-estimates-of-households-not-connected-to-the-gas-network
2015201620172018
County Durham
Estimates Percentage of Properties Off Grid 7.07.06.06.0
Estimates Total Number of Properties Off Grid 17,758.016,037.015,650.015,177.0
Estimates Total Number of Properties 239,210.0240,620.0242,160.0244,120.0
North East
Estimates Percentage of Properties Off Grid 8.07.07.07.0
Estimates Total Number of Properties Off Grid 96,618.090,686.089,497.088,831.0
Estimates Total Number of Properties 1,201,040.01,209,920.01,219,230.01,229,340.0
England
Estimates Percentage of Properties Off Grid 14.014.014.014.0
Estimates Total Number of Properties Off Grid 3,365,248.03,305,843.03,358,619.03,355,963.0
Estimates Total Number of Properties 23,560,550.023,765,820.023,986,240.024,203,160.0
Department of Business Energy and Industrial Strategy (BEIS) - Households not connected to the gas network
Report generated at County DurhamCounty Durham