Children in low income families: local area statistics

These experimental Official Statistics on the number (and proportion) of children living in low income families across Great Britain by local area were first released in the March 2021.

Interactive Map: Children in Relative Poverty by sub-county area
Local Children in Poverty Dashboard

To maximise this dashboard to full screen or download, please click on the 3 dots in the top right of the dashboard.

Key Messages

    1. Relative Poverty
      • In the financial year 2019/20 an estimated 25.8% of children under the age of 16 were living in relative poverty in County Durham.  Across the North East the figure was slightly higher at 26.9% while nationally (England) the figure was 19.2%.
      • This is an increase from 17.8% in 2015/16, with the number of children in living in relative poverty rising from an estimated  15,800 (aged children under 16) to 23,500.
    2. Absolute Poverty
      • In the financial year 2019/20 an estimated 21.7% of children under the age of 16 were living in relative poverty in County Durham.  Across the North East the figure was slightly higher at 22.9% while nationally (England) the figure was 15.7%.
      • This is an increase from 16.5% in 2015/16, with the number of children in living in relative poverty rising from an estimated  14,600 (aged children under 16) to 19,700.

Child Poverty and Deprivation

By combining this child poverty data with the results from the Index of Deprivation 2019, the link between higher levels of child poverty in more deprived areas can be demonstrated.  The infographic below shows this relationship using a scatter plot of the proportion of children in poverty against the areas national deprivation ranking.  This is mapped at the Lower Super Output Area (LSOA) geography (see the ‘By Geography’ section below).

The plot clearly shows that the more deprived an area is it overall, the more likely it is to have a higher proportion of children living in poverty.

By Geography

This new measure of child poverty also allows for analysis at a local, sub-county level.  The following provides an overview of the data for four sub-county geographies: Lower Super Output Area (LSOA), Electoral Ward, Area Action Partnership area (AAP) and Family First Areas (FFAs).

Further information on some of the local geographies in County Durham is available on the Geography Descriptions page.

Lower Super Output Areas (LSOAs)

The LSOA geography was developed for the decennial Census by the Office for National Statistics.  Across County Durham there are 324 LSOAs and across England there are 32,844 LSOAs.

    • 147 LSOAs have a higher proportion of children living in relative poverty than the county average of 25.8%.
    • 58.5% of the children living in the Coundon Grange LSOA were living in relative poverty – the highest proportion out of all 324 LSOAs.

Electoral Ward

There are 63 electoral wards covering County Durham – see Durham County Council – Wards.

  • 33 wards have a higher proportion of children living in relative poverty than the county average of 25.8%.
  • 39.7% of the children living in the Shildon and Dene Valley ward were living in relative poverty – the highest proportion out of all 63 wards.

Area Action Partnerships

There are 14 AAPs covering County Durham – see Durham County Council – AAPs.

  • 6 AAPs have a higher proportion of children living in relative poverty than the county average of 25.8%.
  • 33.5% of the children living in the Bishop Auckland and Shildon AAP were living in relative poverty – the highest proportion out of all 14 AAPs.

Family First Areas

There are 14 FFAs covering County Durham.

  • 9 FFAs have a higher proportion of children living in relative poverty than the county average of 25.8%.
  • 34.4% of the children living in the Easington FFA were living in relative poverty – the highest proportion out of all 14 FFAs.

The following infographic provides more detail:

 

Definitions and Links

Links

Definitions

Term Definition
Children Dependent individuals aged under 16; or aged 16 to 19 in full-time non-advanced education. Figures on the proportion of children living in low income families are derived for children under 16 as a percentage of the under 16 population.
Family A single adult; or a married or cohabitating couple; or a Civil Partnership; and any dependent children.
Equivalised income Income is gross income Before Housing Costs (BHC) and includes contributions from earnings, state support and pensions. Equivalisation adjusts incomes for family size and composition; taking an adult couple with no children as the reference point.
Relative low income A family in low income Before Housing Costs (BHC) in the reference year. A family must have claimed one or more of Universal Credit, Tax Credits or Housing Benefit at any point in the year to be classed as low income in these statistics.
Absolute low income A family in low income Before Housing Costs (BHC) in the reference year in comparison with incomes in 2010/11. A family must have claimed one or more of Universal Credit, Tax Credits or Housing Benefit at any point in the year to be classed as low income in these statistics.
Work status A family is defined as ‘in-work’ if they have an accumulated period of at least 26 weeks paid employment or self-employment within the 52-week tax year.
Family type Family type accounts for changes in family composition throughout the year (for example, re-partnering, multiple partners). A Lone Parent family type means the parent/guardian has had no partnerships at any point in the year.