Children & Young People

The report below provides statistics around educational attainment of children and young people and deprivation levels in the areas they live in, as building resilience and getting maximum benefit from education are important markers for good health and wellbeing throughout life.

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County Durham Children_Young_People Overview

Base map for reports and dashboards built using the InstantAtlas data store for County_Durham

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County Durham Children_Young_People Overview - County Durham

Base map for reports and dashboards built using the InstantAtlas data store for County_Durham

County Durham
Summary of Key Indicators for County Durham

The report below brings together some of the most recently available data publically available to provide a county profile of children and young people living in  County Durham.

The following key indicators provide an overview of County Durham's resident children and young people.

Sources:
ONS: Office for National Statistics
EYFS: Early Years Foundation Stage
Department for Education
DCLG: Department for Communities and Local Government
HM Revenues and Customs
101,040

Total estimated population
aged 0 - 17
 (2018) 

Source: ONS*
49,536

Total estimated population
aged 18 - 24
 (2018) 

Source: ONS*
71.8%
of children achieving a good level of development. 
(2019) 

Source: Early Years Foundation Stage profile (EYFS)
79.0%
of pupils reach the expected standard in reading, writing and maths - KS2> 
(2018) 

Source: Early Years Foundation Stage profile (EYFS)
57.6%
of pupils students achieving 5 or more passes in GCSEs at grades A* to C - KS4. 
(2016) 

Source: Department of Education
15.0%
of pupils of A Level students achieving at least AAB grades, of which at least two are in facilitating subjects- KS5. 
(2018) 
Source: Department of Education
Population Estimates - 0 to 24 years

Office for National Statistics (ONS) produces annual estimates of the resident population of England and Wales as at 30 June every year. The estimates are provided broken down by local authority, sex and age. The most authoritative population estimates come from the census, which takes place every 10 years in the UK. Population estimates from a census are updated every year until the next census to produce mid-year population estimates.

The charts and tables below outline the national population estimates produced by the Office for National Statistics (ONS). These estimates represent the 0 to 24 population as of 30th June.
Population change
Population change
201320142015201620172018
Persons age group 0 - 17
County Durham100,222100,287100,233100,271100,540101,040
North East525,098524,984524,365525,643527,411529,675
England11,506,45111,591,70111,677,85611,785,27711,866,95711,954,618
Persons age group 18 - 24
County Durham51,01751,24351,30950,61849,52049,536
North East257,360257,343256,099252,139246,274243,591
England4,930,4814,922,0474,920,1284,881,6554,828,2794,799,323
Source: ONS MYE
ONS Mid-year Population Estimates by Common Broad Age Groups (2018)
County DurhamNorth EastEngland
Count% of totalCount% of totalCount% of total
Persons age group 0 - 427,0215.1144,0695.43,346,7276
Persons age 5 - 929,9895.7156,3105.93,523,8666.3
Persons age 10 - 1428,5585.4147,3635.53,274,1195.9
Persons age 15 - 1929,1345.5146,1175.53,096,5755.5
Persons age 20 - 2435,8746.8179,4076.83,512,6546.3
Persons age 0 - 17101,04019.2529,67519.911,954,61821.4
Persons age 18 - 2449,5369.4243,5919.24,799,3238.6
Source: ONS MYE
Population Projections - 0 to 24 years
Population projections provide an indication of the future size and age structure of the population based on mid-year population estimates and a set of assumptions of future fertility, mortality and migration.  Available for the UK and its constituent countries as national population projections and for the regions, local authorities and clinical commissioning groups in England as sub-national population projections.  These projections are widely used for resource allocation and planning (Source: ONS SNPP)

The table below outline the national population projections produced by the Office for National Statistics (ONS). These projections represent the county's predicted 0 to 24 population for 2018 to 2041.

Sources:
Office for National Statistics (ONS): Sub-national population projections (SNPPs).
Population change 2018 to 2041
Population change 2018 to 2041
20182026203120362041
Projected population, persons aged 0-4
County Durham27,30026,90026,80026,90027,600
North East144,200139,400136,400135,600138,500
England3,362,4003,314,8003,269,6003,271,3003,379,500
Projected population, persons aged 5-9
County Durham29,60027,80027,70027,50027,600
North East155,400144,700142,400139,400138,700
England3,524,0003,415,5003,394,5003,349,5003,351,400
Projected population, persons aged 10-14
County Durham28,30029,50028,40028,20028,000
North East146,800153,500146,300144,000141,100
England3,271,5003,586,5003,476,7003,455,8003,410,900
Projected population, persons aged 15-19
County Durham28,80032,80032,50031,20031,100
North East145,600163,500162,900155,400153,100
England3,081,9003,576,5003,661,4003,552,1003,531,100
Projected population, persons aged 20-24
County Durham36,20034,70038,90038,80037,500
North East179,600166,400184,600184,500177,300
England3,498,8003,312,7003,729,1003,814,7003,705,700
Source: ONS Projections
Early Years - County Durham
Every child deserves the best possible start in life and the support that enables them to fulfil their potential. Children develop quickly in the early years and a child’s experiences between birth and age five have a major impact on their future life chances. A secure, safe and happy childhood is important in its own right. Good parenting and high quality early learning together provide the foundation children need to make the most of their abilities and talents as they grow up.

Children are defined as having reached a good level of development if they achieve at least the expected level in the early learning goals in the prime areas of learning (personal, social and emotional development; physical development; and communication and language) and the early learning goals in the specific areas of mathematics and literacy.

The following table deatils some of the finding from the Early Years Foundation Stage statutory framework.
Child Development
Child Development
Percentage of children whose first language is not English achieving a good level of development - 2018 Percentage of all other children (i.e. first language is English) achieving a good level of development - 2018 Percentage of children achieving a good level of development - 2019 Percentage of children eligible for free school meals achieving a good level of development - 2018 Percentage of all other children (i.e. not eligible for free school meals) achieving a good level of development - 2018
County Durham67.071.071.853.076.0
North East59.071.071.855.074.0
England64.072.071.855.073.0
Source: Early Years Foundation Stage profile (EYFS Profile)
Key Stage 2 - County Durham
Key stage 2 refers to Year 3 to Year 6 and to pupils aged between 7 and 11. In year 6 there are national tests and teacher assessments in English and maths, and teacher assessments in science.
Assessments - All Pupils
Assessments - All Pupils
% children reaching expected standard in reading TA - 2018 % children reaching expected standard in writing TA - 2018 % children reaching expected standard in maths TA - 2018 % children reaching expected standard in science TA - 2018 % children reaching expected standard in reading - 2018 % children reaching expected standard in writing - 2017 % children reaching expected standard in maths - 2018
County Durham82.081.082.084.078.079.079.0
North East82.081.081.084.078.079.079.0
England81.079.079.083.076.078.076.0
Source: Department of Education - Statistics: Key Stage 2
England Percentage of girls reaching the expected standard in reading, writing and maths: 57 England Percentage of boys reaching the expected standard in reading, writing and maths: 50 County Durham Percentage of girls reaching the expected standard in reading, writing and maths: 63 County Durham Percentage of boys reaching the expected standard in reading, writing and maths: 56 Chart for County Durham using Percentage of boys reaching the expected standard in reading, writing and maths
England Writing: 74 England Science TA: 81 England Reading TA: 80 England Reading: 66 England Maths: 70 England Grammar, punctuation and spelling: 73 County Durham Writing: 78 County Durham Science TA: 83 County Durham Reading TA: 82 County Durham Reading: 70 County Durham Maths: 75 County Durham Grammar, punctuation and spelling: 76 Chart for County Durham using Percentage of pupils reaching the expected standard in reading
Assessments - Disadvantaged Pupils
Assessments - Disadvantaged Pupils
Percentage of disadvantaged pupils reaching the expected standard in reading - 2015-16 Percentage of disadvantaged pupils reaching the expected standard in grammar, punctuation and spelling - 2015-16 Percentage of disadvantaged pupils reaching the expected standard in maths - 2015-16 Percentage of disadvantaged pupils reaching the expected standard in writing - 2015-16
County Durham58.066.064.068.0
England53.061.057.064.0
Source: Department of Education - Statistics: Key Stage 2
England Percentage of key stage 2 disadvantaged pupils: 32 England Percentage of eligible pupils with SEN with Statement or EHC plan: 3 England Percentage of eligible pupils with English as additional language (EAL): 19 County Durham Percentage of key stage 2 disadvantaged pupils: 38 County Durham Percentage of eligible pupils with SEN with Statement or EHC plan: 1 County Durham Percentage of eligible pupils with English as additional language (EAL): 2 Chart for County Durham using Percentage of key stage 2 disadvantaged pupils
England Writing: 64 England Reading: 53 England Maths: 57 England Grammar, punctuation and spelling: 61 County Durham Writing: 68 County Durham Reading: 58 County Durham Maths: 64 County Durham Grammar, punctuation and spelling: 66 Chart for County Durham using Percentage of disadvantaged pupils reaching the expected standard in reading
Key Stage 4 - County Durham
Key stage 4 refers to Year 10 and Year 11, when pupils are aged between 14 and 16. Most children take GCSEs or other national qualifications in Year 11.
Overview
Overview
Number of pupils on roll (all ages) - 2015-16 Number of pupils at the end of key stage 4 - 2015-16 Percentage of pupils at the end of key stage 4 who are boys - 2015-16 Percentage of pupils at the end key stage 4 who are girls - 2015-16 Percentage of students achieving 5 or more passes in GCSEs at grades A* to C - 2016 Average number of GCSE and equivalents entries per pupil - 2015-16
County Durham27,380.04,979.050.149.957.69.4
England3,626,501.0600,301.051.348.753.59.0
North EastN/AN/AN/AN/A56.3N/A
Source: Department of Education: www.compare-school-performance.service.gov.uk
County Durham % of pupils at the end of KS4 with middle prior attainment at the end of KS2: 51.8 County Durham % of pupils at the end of KS4 with low prior attainment at the end of KS2: 18 County Durham % of pupils at the end of KS4 with high prior attainment at the end of KS2: 30.2 Chart for County Durham using Percentage of pupils at the end of key stage 4 with low prior attainment at the end of key stage 2
County Durham Non-GCSE- open: 4.9 County Durham GCSE - open: 11.4 County Durham Open: 16.4 County Durham Mathematics: 9.4 County Durham English: 10.4 County Durham EBacc: 13 County Durham Overall: 49.2 Chart for County Durham using Average Attainment 8 score per pupil
Disadvantaged Pupils
Disadvantaged Pupils
Percentage of pupils at the end of key stage 4 who are disadvantaged - 2015-16 Average number of GCSE and equivalents entries per disadvantaged pupil - 2015-16 Percentage of pupils at the end of key stage 4 with English as additional language (EAL) - 2015-16 Percentage of pupils at the end of key stage 4 with special educational needs (SEN) with a statement or Education, health and care (EHC) plan - 2015-16
County Durham33.78.61.54.8
Source: Department of Education: www.compare-school-performance.service.gov.uk
Key Stage 5 - County Durham
Key stage 5 refers to the two years of education for students aged 16-18 sitting AS and A levels.
Overview
Overview
Percentage of students achieving at least Level 3 qualifications - 2017 Percentage of A level students achieving at least three levels at grades AAB or better, at least two of which are in facilitating subjects - 2015-16 Percentage of A Level students achieving at least AAB grades, of which at least two are in facilitating subjects - 2018
County Durham80.017.015.0
England84.717.016.2
North East78.0N/A12.9
Source: Department of Education: www.compare-school-performance.service.gov.uk
County Durham Per tech level entry: 31.84 County Durham Per applied general entry: 37.84 County Durham Per academic entry: 31.42 County Durham Per A level entry: 31.3 County Durham Best 3 A level entries: 35.97 Chart for County Durham using Average point score per A level entry
County Durham Average Point Score for Tech Level students: 30.2 County Durham Average Point Score for Academic students: 33 County Durham Average point score (APS) for all Level 3 students: 32.5 County Durham Average point score (APS) for all A Level students: 33 Chart for County Durham using APS for Academic students
Source: Department of Education: www.compare-school-performance.service.gov.uk
16 to 24 Population - County Durham
The following tables provide a broader view of children and young people aged 16 to 24 in the county.

NEETs
Not in Education, Employment or Training (NEETs)
Not in Education, Employment or Training (NEETs)
County DurhamNorth EastEngland
% age 16/17 NEET (incl Not Known) - 2019 6.36.55.5
% female age 16/17 NEET (incl Not Known) - 2019 6.05.84.8
% male age 16/17 NEET (incl Not Known) - 2019 6.77.16.3
% age 16 NEET (incl Not Known) - 2019 4.33.73.6
% age 17 NEET (incl Not Known) - 2019 8.39.27.4
Source: Department for Education - NEET data by local authority - https:­/­/www.gov.uk­/government­/publications­/neet-and-participation-local-authority-figures
Population change in the 16 to 24 age group
Population change in the 16 to 24 age group
201320142015201620172018
Persons age group 16 - 17
County Durham11,87511,82511,59011,15810,64110,207
North East62,21561,13959,37957,85756,15154,677
England1,297,2131,288,1451,272,7421,256,1771,228,9861,206,160
Persons age group 18 - 24
County Durham51,01751,24351,30950,61849,52049,536
North East257,360257,343256,099252,139246,274243,591
England4,930,4814,922,0474,920,1284,881,6554,828,2794,799,323
Source: ONS MYE
Economic Activity
Information on employment and unemployment in the 16 to 24 age gorup is available in the factsheets held in our Economy and Employment theme.
Other Indicators - County Durham
The following tables and charts provide a broader view of children and young people in the county.
The Index of Multiple Deprivation (IMD) 2019 - IDACI
The Income Deprivation Affecting Children Index (IDACI) is a supplementary index to the income domain and represents the proportion of children aged 0-15 living in income deprived households.

The Income Deprivation Affecting Children Index is a subset of the Income Domain, with the index showing the proportion of children in each LSOA that live in families that are income deprived: those that are in receipt of Income Support, income-based Jobseeker’s Allowance, Pension Credit Guarantee or Child Tax Credit below a given threshold.

More information is available in our Deprivation Factsheets or through the following link: https://www.gov.uk/government/statistics/english-indices-of-deprivation-2019
County Durham is ranked
38th
out of  151 upper tier local authorities in England with rank 1 being the most deprived (IDACI). 
(2019) 

Source: DCLG
#color:0x129CDD Income Deprivation Affecting Children Index (IDACI) - Rank of average rank 2019 Northumberland: 90 #color:0x129CDD Income Deprivation Affecting Children Index (IDACI) - Rank of average rank 2019 North Tyneside: 81 #color:0x129CDD Income Deprivation Affecting Children Index (IDACI) - Rank of average rank 2019 Gateshead: 51 #color:0x129CDD Income Deprivation Affecting Children Index (IDACI) - Rank of average rank 2019 Newcastle upon Tyne: 40 #color:0xF8FA29 Income Deprivation Affecting Children Index (IDACI) - Rank of average rank 2019 County Durham: 38 #color:0x129CDD Income Deprivation Affecting Children Index (IDACI) - Rank of average rank 2019 Sunderland: 26 #color:0x129CDD Income Deprivation Affecting Children Index (IDACI) - Rank of average rank 2019 South Tyneside: 15 Chart for County Durham using Income Deprivation Affecting Children Index (IDACI) - Rank of average rank
Summary and Population Distribution in County Durham by the IDACI

Note: For comparison against the table below the averages for the population distribution across England are 10% and 30%

Index/Domain Rank of Average Score Average Score % of the population living in the top 10% most deprived % of the population living in the top 30% most deprived
Income Deprivation Affecting Children Index (IDACI) Sub-domain  38.0 0.2 17.9 53.6
Source: DCLG 2019; ONS 2017 Population Estimates
Child Poverty

There are numerous data, from various sources, available that can be used to measure child poverty.  The following bring together some of these data to provide a partial picture of child poverty in County Durham and how the county compares regionally and nationally.

Source: 
Free School Meals: Department for Education - (Search for schools and colleges to compare)
Children in Low Income Families: HM Revenue and Customs - Personal Tax Credits: Children in low-income families local measure - snapshot
Free School Meals - (2016-2017) 

The percentage of pupils eligible for free school meals at some point during the last 6 years.

Note: The source data for this indicator is incomplete, with data not available for all schools. The percentage eligible has been calculated using the number of pupils on school rolls only for schools where data on the number of pupils eligible was available.

Free School Eligibility in County Durham
Percentage of pupils who have been eligible for free school meals in the last 6 yearsNumber of pupils who have been eligible for free school meals in the last 6 yearsNumber of pupils on roll (for FSM calculation)
County Durham29.421,03771,453
North East29111,759385,471
England22.81,897,0758,306,296
Source: Department for Education
Children in Low Income Families - (2016) 

Children, living in families in receipt of Child Tax Credit whose reported income is less than 60% of the median income, or in receipt of either Income Support or Income-Based Jobseekers Allowance.

Children in Low Income Families in County Durham
Families in receipt of Child Tax Credit with income <60% of median income or in receipt of Income Support or Income-Based Jobseekers AllowanceCounty DurhamNorth EastEngland
Percentage of children living in low income families21.422.217
Number of children living in low income families 21,850118,3901,974,035
Percentage of children living in lone parent low income families14.114.811.1
Number of children of lone parents living in low income families 14,39578,9201,293,720
Percentage of children living in two-parent low income families7.37.45.9
Number of children in two-parent families living in low income families 7,45039,465680,315
Percentage of children under 16 living in low income families21.822.617
Number of children under 16 living in low income families 19,060103,4301,707,835
Source: HM Revenue and Customs
Report generated at County DurhamCounty Durham