The following provide background information on the geographies reported upon in this site.

County

County Durham is a unitary authority: single-tier administrations with responsibility for all areas of local government.

  • Population : 523,662 (ONS mid-2017 population estimates),
  • Area: 862 sq. miles (223,260 hectares),
  • There are 21 settlements in County Durham with an estimated population of over 5,000 people (estimated from the ONS Mid-2017 Output Area Population Estimates). Further summary information is available on the Durham County Council website.

Lower Super Output Area (LSOA)

LSOAs are a part of the Census super output area hierarchical geography and were designed to improve the reporting of small area statistics and are built up from groups of output areas (OA; 5 OA’s to each LSOA). Further information on LSOAs is available on the Office for National Statistics website.

  • 324 LSOAs in County Durham,
  • Populations range from 1,000 to 4,500 (average 1,600; ONS mid-2017 estimates),
  • Area: 16 hectares to 16,700 hectares.

Middle Super Output Area (MSOA)

As with LSOAs above, MSOAs are the next level up in the Census super output area geography, with 5 LSOAs to 1 MSOA. Further information on LSOAs is available on the Office for National Statistics website.

  • 66 MSOAs in County Durham,
  • Populations range from 2,600 to 6,800 (average 4,000; ONS mid-2017 estimates),
  • Area: 148 hectares to 58,000 hectares.

Ward

Electoral wards/divisions are the key building blocks of UK administrative geography. They are the spatial units used to elect local government councillors in metropolitan and non-metropolitan districts, unitary authorities and the London boroughs in England; unitary authorities in Wales; council areas in Scotland; and district council areas in Northern Ireland.

  • 63 wards in County Durham,
  • Populations range from 2,100 to 14,500 (average 8,300; ONS mid-2017 estimates),
  • Area: 137 hectares to 49,900 hectares.

Area Action Partnerships (AAPs)

Developed following local government re-organisation in 2009 the AAPs
have been set up to give people in County Durham a greater choice and voice in local affairs. The partnerships allow people to have a say on services, and give organisations the chance to speak directly with local communities.

  • 14 AAPs in County Durham,
  • Populations range from 8,300 to 93,500 (average 37,400; ONS mid-2017 estimates),
  • Area: 2,450 hectares to 84,000 hectares.

Family First Areas (FFA)

Family First Areas provide support to children, young people and families where there are concerns for the safety and wellbeing of children and young people or where families need intensive support for a range of complex needs. They can do this through offering support with things like parenting, children and adults emotional wellbeing, domestic abuse, family routines and boundaries, working directly with children and young people, family relationship issues, as well as housing and budgeting issues. The service is made up of social workers, family support workers and specialist lead professionals who are co-located with One Point Service staff within the local One Point Hubs (see below). Further information is available on the Durham County Council website.

  • 14 Family First Areas in County Durham,
  • Populations range from 20,900 to 58,900 (average 37,400; ONS mid-2017 estimates),
  • Area: 1,650 hectares to 129,200 hectares.

One Point Think Family Areas (OPTFA)

One Point think Family Areas are groupings of the Family First Areas detailed above.

  • 7 OPTFA areas in County Durham,
  • Populations range from 46,400 to 101.900 (average 75,280; ONS mid-2018 estimates),
  • Area: 6,200 hectares to 131,400 hectares.

Local Plan Monitoring Areas

Local Plan Monitoring Areas were created in order to aid monitoring of the County Durham Plan and discuss issues across an area the size of County Durham.

The county was broken down into geographical areas that have similar characteristics in terms of their housing, economy and history. A total of nine areas were identified to assist in measuring the success of the County Durham Plan’s policies.

  • 9 monitoring areas in County Durham,
  • Populations range from 14,000 to 95,100 (average 58,550; ONS mid-2018 estimates),
  • Area: 3,700 hectares to 123,200 hectares.

Clinical Commissioning Localities (CCLs)

CCLs sit within Clinical Commissioning Group areas and are based upon the former district boundaries in County Durham. CCLs are a sub-geography of the Clinical Commissioning Groups (CCGs) detailed below. Northern CCG: Chester-le-Street CCL, Derwentside CCL and Durham City CCL; Southern CCG: East DurhamCCL , Sedgefield CCL and the Durham Dales CCL (Teesdale and Wear Valley).

  • 6 CCLs cover County Durham,
  • Populations range from 54,300 to 100,300 (average 87,300; ONS mid-2017 estimates),
  • Area: 6,800 hectares to 84,000 hectares.

Clinical Commissioning Groups (CCGs)

CCG groups of GPs responsible for designing local health services in England and work with patients and healthcare professionals and in partnership with local communities and local authorities. CCGs are based upon the former district boundaries in County Durham. the two CCGs covering the county are formed from the six CCls as follows – North Durham CCG: Chester-le-Street CCL, Derwentside CCL and Durham City CCL; Durham Dales, Easington and Sedgefield (DDES) CCG: East DurhamCCL , Sedgefield CCL and the Durham Dales CCL (Teesdale and Wear Valley).

  • 2 CCGs cover County Durham,
  • Populations are North Durham: 249,100 and DDES: 274,600 (ONS mid-2017 estimates),
  • Area: North Durham: 52,500 and DDES: 170,600.