Fuel Poverty


A household is considered to be fuel poor if it has higher than typical energy costs to provide an indoor environment that does not adversely affect their health and wellbeing (21c in living room and 18c in the rest of the house), and would as a result be left with a disposable income below the poverty line if it spent the required money to meet those costs.

Fuel poverty is important as it can either cause or contribute to health issues in vulnerable groups.

The following uses data from the new Department of Business Energy and Industrial Strategy (BEIS) Low Income – Low Energy Efficiency (LILEE) measure, with data currently only available for 2019, which is defined as:

Under the LILEE indicator, a household is considered to be fuel poor if:
  • they are living in a property with a fuel poverty energy efficiency rating of band D or below, and
  • when they spend the required amount to heat their home, they are left with a residual income below the official poverty line
Interactive Map: Fuel Poverty by Sub-county Area
Interactive Dashboard

The following dashboard provides further detail on this dataset, with key messages and links to data below it.  Click on the 3 dots in the top right corner of the dashboard to view it full screen or download.  Below that is analysis of the old Low income/High Cost (LIHC) measure.

Links to Data:

Low Income/High Cost Dataset 2011 to 2018

Key Points:

  • The latest data release (for 2018) estimated that 9.8% of households (22,900 estimated households) in County Durham were experiencing fuel poverty,
  • The county is ranked as having the 91st highest (in 2017 County Durham was 52nd) proportion of households experiencing fuel poverty out of 152 county authorities in England in the dataset.