The Counter Terrorism and Security Act 2015 places wide-ranging duties on specified authorities to understand the risks, ensure that staff can recognise the signs that someone may be vulnerable to radicalisation and put in safeguarding mechanisms so that those who are vulnerable to radicalisation have access to intervention and support. Specified authorities are: Local Authorities, Schools, Further & Higher Education, NHS Trusts and Foundation Trusts, Prisons and Probation, Community Rehabilitation Companies and the Police.
The government’s Counter Terrorism Strategy is called Contest. It has four objectives:
- Pursue – To stop terrorist attacks (the remit of the police and security services)
- Prevent – To stop people becoming terrorists or supporting terrorism
- Prepare – Where we cannot stop an attack, to mitigate its impact
- Protect – To strengthen our overall protection against terrorist attacks
- In 2015, there were 11,774 recorded terrorist attacks in 92 countries. This represents a reduction of 13% compared with 2014. However, this reduction is largely as a result of fewer attacks in Iraq, Pakistan and Nigeria.
- Throughout 2015, the UK threat level from international terrorism, set by the Joint Terrorism Analysis Centre, has remained at ‘SEVERE’, meaning an attack here is highly likely.
Links to data
- National Prevent Strategy 2011
- Youth Justice Board review of research (Preventing Religious Radicalisation and Violent Extremism) 2012
- Counter Extremism Strategy 2015
- Prevent Duty Guidance 2015
- National Workshop to Raise Awareness of Prevent (WRAP) training package
- House of Common report – Preventing Violent Extremism
- House of Commons report on the July 2005 London Bombings
- Counter Terrorism Local Profiles: An updated Guide 2012
- CONTEST: Annual Report 2015
- Interview with Chief Constable Simon Cole (National Police Chief’s Council lead on the Prevent Strategy) following initial police study into radicalisation and mental health, May 2016